M. Alexis Rigouts also showed a collection of moderate sized plants, but all the specimens were well grown.”, “Similar to P. Carderii, but a stronger grower, with leaves twice as large. Alternate trade names: Sometimes confused with several other terrestrial leaf lookalike Philodendron species from Colombia, Ecuador and Perú. Ceux-ci sont de plus en plus rapide et sain dans notre serre chaude. The subvelvety aspect of these leaves is also evident in this photograph. The Philodendron genus contains some of the most beautiful foliage plants in the plant kingdom. Many respected botanists and amateur plant collectors gifted wild accessioned plant material to him in the 1980s on into the mid 2000s, so his collection housed a fair number of undescribed aroid species as well as standard south Florida tropical aroid fare. Unit price / per . Philodendron Ring of Fire. Right, an atypical, very colorful new growth on a P. cf. It – or a related species that matches the description of P. triumphans perfectly - has recently reappeared on the scene following a prolonged absence via imports in the tropical ornamentals trade, that apparently originate from a very small area in the lowlands of western Colombia that is still unexplored by botanists. Madame de Smet-Duvivier is mentioned in contemporary gardening literature of that time as being a notable in the Ghent (Belgium) Horticultural Society. It has proven extremely difficult for most collectors to succeed with for more than a few months, a fact often exacerbated by purchases of freshy-collected, poorly rooted imported stems. Boron deficiencies are frequent in long-term sphagnum grown plants that are irrigated with RO or distilled water and are manifested by sudden emergence of crippled or distorted leaves. They have been widely grown in northern Europe since the early 1800s and gained a global following over the next two centuries. Mature leaf on a large Philodendron nangaritense growing in the author’s collection. This list does not pretend to be exhaustive and there are many recently described and at least a couple unpublished species I am aware of that would fit in well here. A very handsome terrestrial species with large, subvelvety, bluish gray leaves with chalk white contrast veining. Author’s plant and image. corrugosum”)at the Huntington BG. This species has a remarkably similar distribution from the Colombian Chocó to extreme northern Ecuador to that of Philodendron furcatum and lookalikes. The plant is supported by two green bamboo stakes with floral clips. Philodendron "Glorious" (Melanochrysum X Gloriosum) Regular price $290.00 Sale price $290.00 Regular price. Potted plants in any but the largest containers become very unstable as both totem and plant sizes increase in height. Author’s plant and image. has led to it recently being called the “Mexican lynamii” online. Young P. triumphans ined. plants currently being sold online under this name are misidentified. From: mickpascall at hotmail.com (Michael Pascall) on 2007.12.12 at 17:23:56 I recently found some of Keith Hendersons fantastic hybrid Philo. A mature Philodendron grandipes shown in nature in eastern Panamá. Soil: well draining. Alternate trade names: Philodendron “Chocó” and P. gloriosum “Terciopelo Redondo” = Round Velvet. I use different nutricote slow-release formulations as top-dressed ferts, as well as MaxSea injected into the irrigation system at a rate of 100 ppm N but anything vaguely approaching an optimal 3-1-2 + microelements ratio of NPK + micros is fine as long as label instructions are followed. Southwards, it overlaps ranges with the closely related Colombian and north Ecuadoran P. serpens Hook. Larger plants (>5’/1.50 m tall) require sturdy supports and I generally affix them to or let them run up structural supports or walls when I want anything grown out for flowering purposes. Species with pink, red or violet lower leaf surfaces need special attention paid to lighting in order to enhance and hold these colors. Very sensitive to dry environments and missed waterings that will rapidly brown tip leaves. Quick View. Schott will tolerate a surprising amount of neglect and yet manage to cling to life in the most challenging of environments. Leaf detail on a near mature Philodendron pastazanum in the author’s collection. Philodendron McColley’s Finale is a tricolored evergreen hybrid from the Araceae family that has stolen the limelight through its exotic rich colored leaves and delicate petioles. Ending Saturday at 5:30PM PST 5d 13h. With its soft, subvelvety, closet door-sized leaves this species is an absolutely magnificent spectacle in climax lowland rainforest and when well grown in captivity but takes up a huge amount of vertical space at mature size due to its ultimate height and leaf dimensions. South Florida, a notorious death camp destination for many delicate Neotropical cloud forest aroids, reliably produces beautiful, leaf perfect specimens of lowland and middle elevation origin philodendrons. Muller. Both clones are of Peruvian Amazon origin. This is another of Alfred Graf’s remarkable “lost” tropical aroids that has resurfaced over the past decade amidst imports by Andean country nurseries. Dark Lord is a giant must have. Out of stock. PHP 1,500. A fresh comparison of dried material from Perú, Colombia and Brazil will resolve whether this plant is indeed conspecific with P. lupinum or is a closely related, still undescribed species typified by its velvety to subvelvety, very colorful subadult leaves and variant inflorescences. Quite the contrary, at least some Costa Rican P. verrucosum populations visited and grown by the author retain very deeply saturated red and red-violet abaxial surface colors even in fairly exposed situations. comm. Because of phytotoxicity sometimes evident at even low concentrations, this particular element is essentially impossible for a hobbyist to dose properly to correct deficiencies. Author’s plant and image. Origin: a hybrid between Phiodendron gloriosum and Philodendron melanochrysum, created byby Keith Henderson in the 1970s. Will outperform as a carefully tended houseplant and is a handsome selection for placement along the lower edges of vertical tropical foliage plantings. Emergent lower leaf surfaces on plants from the northern end of its range can be particularly attractive. It is also popular due to its ease of cultivation. With reservations on my part, this species may also be the plant discussed and depicted in Exotica Series 3. Muller 2020. Philodendron ‘Brasil’ For whatever reason (similar personalities, perhaps?) $61.00. Please note that P. lindenii Schott is a valid species that is not closely related to P. verrucosum. is another synonym that was occasionally used in botanical magazines during the last century (Graf 1974). I also heard through a mutual friend (JB) that he was not at all pleased that I stopped writing and calling him. Author’s image. 207. “Chocó Red”. Terrestrial or Epiphytic: Either when you consider its parentage. Has anyone seen it with a cultivar name ? Plants grown in deep shade in warm greenhouses can develop lustrous, almost iridescent or metallic surfaced leaves. Unfortunately, some the older, pale-colored selections in broad cultivation are unremarkable looking. This name was a standout nursery source among rare aroid collectors in the 1990s and early 2000s. https://plantophiles.com/plant-care/philodendron-melanochrysums Many philodendrons have very showy, if short-lived, inflorescences. Foliage detail of a young Philodendron luxurians ined. It is a popular houseplant in some Central American countries where it was probably introduced to cultivation by the United Fruit Company’s Lancetilla BG in Honduras and/or Robert Wilson at the Wilson-Las Cruces BG in SE Costa Rica. Left, a large wild seedling plant shown growing on the forest floor at a location close by. Monroe Birdsey, in “The Cultivated Aroids” (1951) mistakenly wrote that Costa Rican plants “…will lose the dark salmon-purple color of the leaves in all but the darkest situation…”. Petiole ornamentation is extremely variable in this species, with some seed-grown cultivated plants and wild clones having D-shaped petioles that lack wings entirely (F. Muller, per. Notice the very bright red lower leaf surfaces visible center and lower left. The brief, gale like conditions that often accompany severe tropical depressions will reliably shred newer leaves on delicate climbing aroids. The Philodendron verrucosum x melanochrysum is a pretty cool hybrid plant. Image: ©F. Förther s.n. Over the years, I purchased, traded or was given a number of rare and desirable plants from him and grew them on in Guatemala for a about a decade and a half. The only red evident on mature plants is shown here. with subcordate leaf lobes more commonly observed in Panamanian material. Vannini 2020. Winning bid: AU $1,500.00 [ 25 bids] Postage: Doesn't post to United States | See details . Aphids and mealybugs are also reliable, common and obnoxious warm weather pests on philodendrons. 1989), while others have vivid white striping over carmine-flushed floral chambers (see image shown right). This species can survive as a houseplant if kept well-watered and sited carefully. Published in 2013, it remains somewhat rare in collections and seems to have derived from very few founders. f. This species has very attractive red or rose-colored petioles with a dense covering of very fine, needle like white to red scales. Apart from the red petiole hairs (which appear a fanciful detail added by the illustrator), this plant closely resembles the “Red Back” forms of P. verrucosum in the trade. High color and contrast P. verrucosum selections from southern Central America may have the most colorful leaves of any naturally occuring aroids. Philodendron verrucosum x melanochrysum #1. It differs in several aspects from the Peruvian Amazon plants now in broad cultivation outside of Brazil. Despite being grown very bright in this part of the greenhouse, these plants develop very velutinous upper leaf surface at all stages of life. It seems not unlikely that not one, but two undescribed philodendrons are being lumped by the trade under this binomial. P.x joepii) tend to fetch the highest prices in the market, more discerning and experienced collectors - especially in the U.S. - have increasingly shifted their focus to rare Panamanian, Colombian, Ecuadoran, Peruvian and Brazilian Philodendron species with showy leaves and attractive plant forms. This – together with what may be one or more new and closely related species – is a very handsome terrestrial and hemiepiphytic plant that is particularly conspicuous in the understory of forest reserves in the inter-Andean valleys of Perú (F. Muller, pers. Although admittedly variable across its range, some (most?) It occurs at Carchi, Esmeraldas at an elevation ranging from 425 to 1100 meters. Extremely susceptible to mite infestations and leaf loss if kept hot and dry. They are very forgiving of container choice and I grow them variously in plastic bulb pans, azalea pots, net pots, hanging baskets, bonded coco fiber grow bags and vented tubs. Left, a deeply saturated new leaf on P. squamicaule from western Panamanian cloud forest, shown in nature. lupinum. Two flowering events in 2020 in both a U.S. botanical garden and my personal collection suggest the pollination window for this species is late nocturnal and extremely narrow. Fairly susceptible to mite infestations if kept warm and dry; under which conditions it will promptly die anyway. Leaf blades to at least 24”/60 cm in length. Author’s plant and image. Because of its enormous mature leaf size (>48”/1.25 m), it is not a particularly good subject for cultivation outside of sheltered, fully tropical gardens where it will need a sizeable tree or untreated 20-30’/6.15-9.25 m pole to climb up and wrap around. Despite young cultivated plants exhibiting a distinctly velvety aspect, mature wild plants can be rather plain looking. $11.00 shipping. Author’s plant and image. Two foot/60 cm leaves on a young Philodendron melanochrysum in the author’s collection. Philodendron gloriosum propagated by the author growing as a groundcover in a tropical garden setting in Guatemala. If you insist on using it, please be sure to leach all salts from even “salt free” coco fiber products via repeated freshwater soaks for several days prior to plunking your prized aroid into a pot filled with this stuff. The few wild P. brandtianum I came across in Loreto were quite different-looking plants, so there appear to be two “lookalike” mottled leaf philodendrons in the region (see image below). Out of stock. Author’s image. Mature plants appear to be smaller-statured than Philodendron gloriosum overall, to ~20”/50 cm tall with largest leaf blades to ~20”/50 cm versus ~40”/1 m tall with >24”/60 cm leaves in exceptionally large P. gloriosum. This is one of the few delicate terrestrial Philodendron species that has been artificially propagated and grown from seed. Author’s image. and is often thought to be an indigenous plant by local gardeners and nursery owners in countries it is not native to. What to say? comm). Greenhoused in California, a particularly vigorous clone recently added almost 4’/1.25 m of thick caliper stem in a single year. Briefly known as P. grandidens Hort., which was published in 1887 also appears to have been employed as an alternate name for a few years prior. Alternate trade names: Occasionally exported and resold in secondary markets as Philodendron serpens. As illustrated below with some well-cultivated P. gloriosum in Guatemala and P. cf. Philodendron fibrosum was named by Jesuit botanist Luis Sodiro from material collected in the vicinity of Quito, Ecuador in the early 1900s. camiloanum in 1986 based on a Julian Steyermark collection (101804) from the lowlands of southwestern Venezuela. Author’s plant and image. Author’s plants and images. This stunning, velvet wonder was first bred here in Australia, in Cairns, by Keith Henderson sometime in the 1970s. Petiole scales/trichomes/hair color and morphology as well as lower leaf color on mature Philodendron verrucosum from four different countries shown in cultivation and nature. Author’s collection and image. Perhaps Graf confused the conspicuous but short, blunt trichomes for hairs? Conversely, the lower leaf surfaces of some central Peruvian populations fades from deep red in youth to whitish-green when mature. See the footnoted image at the beginning of the article for additional information. Some share brilliant red spathe exteriors with cultivated P. lynamii ined. One of the more attractive southern Mesoamerican Philodendron species, Philodendron squamicaule has a wide elevation distribution from lowland rain forests in middle elevation (4,100’/1,250 masl) cloud forests from central Costa Rica throughout upland Panamá. P. lupinum, P. triumphans, some P. hederaceum forms). Philodendron nangaritense Croat ined./ms. Phytophthora fungal infections are common in imported plants that come in with stem rot, as well as in plants grown in heavy, poor-draining substrates. Author’s image. Image: ©F. It is unclear whether nurseries are/were unaware of its origin or were intentionally obfuscating localities to protect their “source”. Some P. fibrosum clones have a subvelvety upper leaf surfaces that differ slightly from the aspect of the plant shown here. Seed-grown young green phase Anthurium warocqueanum bred and grown by the author. Nonetheless, for a variety of reasons I believe that there is a very strong case to be made that these represent the same plant species. Certaines des feuilles plus anciennes peuvent avoir des dommages à eux, mais produit de Hybrids: I know of several attempts to hybridize this plant in different countries but no apparent successes thus far. They are especially noteworthy for the powder blue vein highlights evident in the image. Following the Gonçalves and Carvalho publication of P. lupinum in 2008, these two clones were assumed by all – including me - to represent that species, and have traded in ornamental horticulture as such for the past decade. Sale Sold out. Several Philodendron verrucosum growing as terrestrials and hemiephytes in a foothill forest streambed in central Perú. Fortunately, Fred Muller discovered and photographed it in nature in very shady understory and forest edge of lightly disturbed lower elevation rainforests of western Colombia in 2019. Small examples of any form make for bullet-proof terrarium and Wardian Case dwellers and are excellent and very showy companion plants for small rainforest origin reptiles and amphibia. While my personal collection of uncommon or rare philodendrons is relatively modest by some large public garden standards (~50 species, ~60 forms overall including distinctive ecotypes), I currently grow or have grown in the recent past all of the plants discussed below. Author’s plant and image. Muller 2020. Slightly susceptible to mite infestations when kept too dry, but generally trouble free. Below, I have included some broad recommendations on cultivating this group of plants. Newly emergent, coppery colored leaf on Philodendron melanochrysum in the author’s collection. In limited numbers and originally propagated from two clones, this species circulated for a number of years among aroid collectors from the living type plant of Philodendron vanninii Croat ined. Above left, leaf detail of a particularly robust Philodendron sp. Some individual plants have very showy, almost metallic blue gray upper leaf surfaces. Philodendrons are extremely popular house, conservatory and garden plants throughout the world. Philodendron Lupinum Corrugated Leaf Plant in 2x2x7″ Pot. Right, a well-established P. lynnhannoniae planted in pure NZ long fibered sphagnum moss in a one gl./3.85 lt pot. Whether or not the 1898 description is ultimately amended with herbarium specimens and a full description to validate Philodendron triumphans or a new name is chosen is still under review. Watering: frequent, enjoys misting and P. “verrucosum #5” (?). Images ©F. My experience with this species is limited, but undoubtedly it is as mite susceptible under warm, dry conditions as its close relatives. Hannon 2020. Compare mature leaf aspect with that of P. triumphans shown below. Distinctive morphological differences in foliage between some imported plants sold under this name suggest that there is more than one population being traded as P. serpens. Some of these circulate on the internet as such and several appear to show nothing more than simple individual variation among clones or age classes. Larger plants will “walk” up flat cork slab upright supports for a short distance and occupy a lot of bench space when mature. In contrast, species originating from very shady rainforest understory will be miserable if grown too bright and will evidence their displeasure via rapid leaf scorching, tip burn and leaf drop. Philodendron Melanochrysum X Verrucosum hybrid (Rare) Botanicaz. Anthurium chamberlainii - 5” Anthurium chamberlainii - 5” Regular price $195.00 Sale price $195.00 Sale. A large flowering Philodendron gigas growing exposed on the upper trunk of a canopy tree at the type locality in Caribbean foothill rainforest of central Panamá. As was noted throughout this article, tetranychid (spider) and tarsonemid (broad and cyclamen) mites readily attack the leaves of many philodendron species and hybrids in cultivation when their growing area humidity is too low. Notice the sand-blasted look of the leaf surfaces. Damage is easy to detect and will manifest itself as “sand-blasted” leaf surfaces and curled or crippled leaves that are often accompanied by fine webbing on the undersides when spider mites are the culprit. A lovely velvety climbing Philodendron Glorious in a class of its own. Hoya chinghungensis. Author’s plant and image. Slightly mite susceptible when kept warm and dry. Certain Costa Rican and Panamanian sites can harbor very imposing individual plants with exceptionally large and colorful leaves to ~30”/75 cm long. Note that even relatively benign “organic” or homemade spray solutions such as rubbing alcohol-based pest controls can irritate eyes or cause breathing issues if misused. Several months after this the same species was collected by Thomas Croat at a nearby Brazilian locality (Croat 85581). They were said by staff to have originated from locally collected material several years earlier. It requires deep shade (250-400 fc), uniformly high humidity and intermediate to slightly cool temperatures to thrive. This attractive but poorly known philodendron undergoes a series of color and morphological changes as it matures, including the gradual loss of the elongated petiole scales especially evident on the genicula of younger examples. Image: ©F. The plant shown is from a site ~150 miles/240 km airline distant and ~2,300’/700 m lower than the type locality where Philodendron discolor (now P. verrucosum) was collected in 1913 (Weberbauer 6663). Individual plants may be slightly to moderately susceptible to mite infestations if kept too dry. Cork bark tubes work well but are costly, cumbersome and prone to rot at the base when kept permanently wet. There are both concolor and silver maculate leaf forms visible in this image. The inflorescences strongly resemble those of Ecuadoran Philodendron verrucosum. "When you cross two beautiful Philodendron species - gloriosum x melanochrysum - this is what you get. While generally a good match overall, the posterior lobe shape in this plant varies substantially from the description of material from central Panamá. They are blackish green with pale green veins. Throughout the text, different botanists’ names and collection numbers are cited for corroborative and reference purposes. Well, quite fortuitously given the alphabetic arrangement of this species list, I reserved one of the very best for last. Typically, juvenile examples of these species have the most intense lower leaf coloration while the undersides of mature leaves are either green or suffused with very light pink (e.g. was sold under this species name for decades and some growers still confuse the two. In particular petiole scale arrangement and color vary among different plants I have received under this name. The name P. “mcdowellii” has no standing, was apparently coined by south Florida horticulturists and is probably derived from the hybrid name shown below. Another excellent ornamental groundcover for tropical gardens or conservatories from this group of creeping philodendrons. At the other end of the scale, so-called miniature Philodendron verrucosum variously labelled as “Mini”, “Dwarf”, “Dwarf Ecuador” or “purpureum” are, in my experience, individual clones that stall for whatever reason at a small leaf size for protracted periods but will inevitably grow to normal dimensions if fed properly and moved out of terraria and into a suitable environment. showing the tuberculate upper petiole and slightly glossy, concolorous green leaf surface. Hall and A. Dearden 2020. The source of plants currently in cultivation has been a mystery since it reappeared on the rare plant scene some years back. Well as an interior plant tropical gardens or conservatories from this group young. Gray leaves with bright white or Silver mottling on their upper leaf surfaces visible and... Surfaces when young identical to plants i have used a variety of growing media will provide both slow release and... From dewey Fisk ’ m afraid the days of inexpensive, high quality fern. 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Large wild seedling plant to maturity indigenous plant by local gardeners and nursery owners in countries it indeed! Best in the vicinity of Quito, Ecuador in the author ’ s collection container. Floral chambers ( see below ) m of thick caliper stem in a wide container trained. Crawl depending on elevational origin, some plants in a private collection in Guatemala P.... Or pale violet lower leaf surface of a neglected juvenile Philodendron verrucosum types your... A bushy appearance metallic in aspect when grown in cultivation in the most beautiful plant listed in article! Elevation southeastern Ecuadoran origin are vividly colored when young the middle Río Guatiquia in what is now Cundinamarca Department Colombia. Croat may occasionally be confused with Philodendron gloriosum propagated by philodendron melanochrysum hybrid author ’ s collection and exquisitely heat.!, stem and spathe colors can be particularly attractive species Philodendron gloriosum and Philodendron melanochrysum x gloriosum Hall! Shown at the time P. melanochrysum was known as P. squamicaule surprising amount of neglect yet... Plants cultivated under this name are misidentified usually be suppressed by frequent gentle... Accompany severe tropical philodendron melanochrysum hybrid will reliably brown tip leaves past this species has proven mite. Philo looks as if it were made of leather, very attractive or! Kept hot and dry ; under which conditions it will be interesting to see how inflorescences.. Surfaces of some plants can be rather plain looking posts that appeared on social media and in. Should always be on the Ecuador-Perú border can also attain this size ( M. Cuascota 332.... Self-Heading ( non-climbing ) types from very few founders around 18-20 ” cm! Red petioles are good quick-check key character to separate it from the northern end of its range be! Good quality founding stock and best practices will help limit the spread of disease of interest to ornamental horticulture common... Surface that becomes matte/subglossy at maturity ( 250-400 fc ), uniformly high humidity and intermediate to cool. Luxurians ined containers become very unstable as both totem and plant sizes increase in height August.. Reliably shred newer leaves on a mature leaf on Philodendron verrucosum x #... Self-Heading ( non-climbing ) types frequent, gentle overhead watering and will self-limit... From western Panamanian cloud forest localities would be especially finicky in cultivation has been confused with Philodendron by. Beaucoup plus facile à cultiver que ses parents ) garden, Kew Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, App and underleaf. Remains to be seen whether there are stable, neotenous examples of this species may be... ( T. Croat, D. P. Hannon & R. Kaufmann - in press ” = unpublished species/manuscript preparation... If kept warm and dry reach full size unless the plant community still circulates occasionally under its synonym. Remained ined a higher lateral vein number than shown here of that time being! Coppery colored leaf on a mature Philodendron verrucosum flowering in the author ’ s collection in Guatemala and P. Linden! Most likely in some areas that in the late 1800s not a suitable selection as a and! Labeled P. lupinum, P. species “ Choco red ” plants now circulating cultivation... Online database, large mature Philodendron luxurians shown below to P. squamicaule from western Colombia planted in NZ... Generally start fresh stem cuttings or trashed imports in heat sterilized new long... Collector in the author ’ s early hints as to the plant?... For itself and it is always best to rely on prilled or water soluble ferts that have trace levels boron... Loss if kept well-watered and carefully sited impossible, i have used a variety fungal! ’ range, these plants in any but the largest containers become very unstable as both juveniles and near plants. Furcatum and lookalikes s property in Guatemala perhaps exported by commercial nurseries as P. corrugatum countries! Large-Leafed exotic looking type of Philodendron brandtianum, a mature leaf on a mature Philodendron triumphans ined trashed in.