Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. If the seed is in short supply it might be better to sow it in pots in a cold frame. Distribution and occurrence: Widely cultivated, frequently naturalized. It is a host to 'clover rot' however, so should not be used too frequently[87]. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 11-1 indicates that the plant is heat tolerant in zones 11 through 1.) The species is a nitrogen-fixer and has long been used in crop rotation systems to enrich the soil. Trifolium pratense L. Commonly known as red clover in many parts of the English speaking world, Trifolium pratense is extensively grown as a forage crop for pasturage, hay and green manure, and is reported to be excellent for livestock and poultry. & Hausskn. Trifolium pratense L. NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name(s) peavine clover, purple clover, red clover, rotklee: Common name Source aasristik Estonian: PlutoF ... Trifolium pratense subsp. The flowering heads are alterative, antiscrofulous, antispasmodic, aperient, detergent, diuretic, expectorant, sedative and tonic[4, 21, 165, 218, 238]. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. frigidum auct. We are currently updating this section. The leaves contain 81% water, 4% protein, 0.7% fat, 2.6% fibre and 2% ash[218]. General information about Trifolium pratense (TRFPR) Euromediterranean region (but only as a cultivated fodder plant in the northeast), Caucasus, Siberia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Himalayas, India, China (western), Mongolia. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Alterative  Antipsoriatic  Antiscrophulatic  Antispasmodic  Aperient  Cancer  Detergent  Diuretic  Expectorant  Miscellany  Sedative  Skin  TonicRed clover is safe and effective herb with a long history of medicinal usage. For a list of references used on this page please go here, Biothemen Inforamtion on medicinal uses of Red Clover in German. The plant is normally harvested for use as it comes into flower[222, 238] and some reports say that only the flowers are used[4]. Maturitas. The seeds are reported as containing trypsin inhibitors[218]. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat. Attracts Wildlife  Dynamic accumulator  Food Forest  Nitrogen Fixer. Constituents – Not analyzed. Share | Diseases of Red Clover (Trifolium pratense L.) S. Diachun and E. W. Hanson, collators) (last update 3/18/93) BACTERIAL DISEASE Bacterial leaf spot Pseudomonas syringae van … frigidum auct. APS Education Resources Common Names of Plant Diseases. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Flowers sessile. The toxic indolizidine alkaloid 'slaframine' is often found in diseased clover (even if the clover shows no external symptoms of disease). These can interfere with certain enzymes that help in the digestion of proteins, but are normally destroyed if the seed is sprouted first. For more information about QR Codes click here. It grows well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better[201]. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Trifolium pratense L. 2. It is also a good bee plant[54], but not so valuable as the white clover, T. repens[4]. The young flowers can also be eaten raw in salads[144, 172]. Internally, the plant is used in the treatment of skin complaints (especially eczema and psoriasis), cancers of the breast, ovaries and lymphatic system, chronic degenerative diseases, gout, whooping cough and dry coughs[238]. Effects of red clover (Trifolium pratense) isoflavones on the lipid profile of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women—A systematic review and meta-analysis. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Division in spring[238]. Trifolium albopurpureum Torr. For example Heat Zone. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Very polymorphic, there are many subspecies and varieties. A dynamic accumulator gathering minerals or nutrients from the soil and storing them in a more bioavailable form - used as fertilizer or to improve mulch. non Gaudin. Trifolium pratense L. var. pratense Trifolium pratense L. var. Trifolium pratense var. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves  Root  SeedEdible Uses: Condiment  TeaLeaves and young flowering heads - raw or cooked[2, 55, 105, 183]. The genus Trifolium currently has 245 recognized species: Trifolium acaule A. Natural Medicines website. It is also grown with grass mixtures for land reclamation, it has good nitrogen fixing properties[200]. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Trifolium repens . 2020;132:7-16. A very important food plant for the caterpillars of many butterfly and moth species[30]. Scientific name Source Trifolium pratense var. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Native of Eur., Medit. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Consumer information about the medication RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense) - ORAL , includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. non Gaudin Trifolium pratense var. Common name(s): Red Clover, Purple Glover, Peavine Glover and others Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Fabaceae Origin: Africa, Asia, Europe, naturalized in … The plant is heat tolerant in zones 9 through 6. The dried leaves impart a vanilla flavour to cakes etc[172]. W Asia. Trifolium pratense. non Gaudin : Trifolium pratense var. Common name: Red Clover. They can be dried, powdered and sprinkled on foods such as boiled rice[183]. Dose, from one to sixty minims. Red clover (trifolium pratense) also has other common names such as trefoil, cow grass, cleaver grass and purple clover. Usually found on circumneutral soils[17]. 2-4 cm (1-2 in) long. sativum Schreb. It is a perennial herb that grows to about 16 inches. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Red clover. The seed can be sprouted and used in salads. Root - cooked[172, 177]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring. 'Atlantis' cultivar Trifolium pratense cv. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. The young leaves are harvested before the plant comes into flower, and are used in salads, soups etc[9]. ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. *S.A. Trifolium pratense is alterative, deobstruent, antiseptic, and antispasmodic. NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC, *NT, *CT, *ST, *NWS, *CWS Meadows, pastures and other grassy places[9], especially on calcareous soils. Elliptical or egg shaped leaflets. Rank. Inflorescences globose or ovoid, 14–30 mm long, 12–27 mm diam., > 100-flowered, terminal, usually sessile. A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to at least -23°c[238]. pratense L. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Trifolium pratense var. The plant growth habit is a clumper with limited spread [1-2]. A crisp texture and more robust flavour than alfalfa (Medicago sativa)[183]. * Important announcements and news It should not be grown with camellias or gooseberries because it harbours a mite that can cause fruit drop in the gooseberries and premature budding in the camellias[201]. Rich. Read more about the prescription drug RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense) - ORAL. Succeeds in a moist, well-drained circum-neutral soil in full sun[200]. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. You will receive a range of benefits including: Cincovic : Common Name(s): red clover [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. It grows satisfactorily in the cool climates and well drained soils. Synonyms and Alternate Names: Trifolium pratense var. Heat Zones range from 1 (no heat days) to 12 (210 or more heat days). Other Australian states: *Vic. Trifolium aintabense Boiss. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Latin Name Common Name Habit Height Hardiness Growth Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Other; Trifolium bifidum: Piñole Clover, Notchleaf clover: Annual: 0.5: 0-0 LMH: N: M: 2: 0: 3: Trifolium ciliatum: Foothill Clover: Annual: 0.5: 0-0 LMH: N: M: 2: 0: 3 Protein: 4g; Fat: 0.7g; Carbohydrate: 0g; Fibre: 2.6g; Ash: 2g; Minerals - Calcium: 0mg; Phosphorus: 0mg; Iron: 0mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg; Vitamins - A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0mg; Niacin: 0mg; B6: 0mg; C: 0mg. The plant makes a good green manure, it is useful for over-wintering, especially in a mixture with Lolium perenne[54]. Flowers and seed pods - dried, ground into a powder and used as a flour[115]. Therapy – Trifolium has been used as a cancer remedy by virtue of specific alterative properties said to exist in it. Kanadys W, Baranska A, Jedrych M, et al. Prefers a medium-heavy loam[87]. Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory) Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales) Leguminosae (South Australia) Papilionaceae (Western Australia) Common Names It has also shown anticancer activity[172, 218], poultices of the herb have been used as local applications to cancerous growths[4]. On their own they can be used as a vegetable, cooked like spinach[9].The leaves are best cooked[172]. Kingdom. frigidum auct. Trifolium repens, the white clover (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. sativum (Schreb.) QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. sativum Sturm The root pattern is a tap root similar to a carrot going directly down [1-2]. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. It does not like acidic soils. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to obovate or ± circular, 15–50 mm long, 7–15 mm wide, 1–2 times as long as broad, entire. Classification. A short-lived perennial[200]. *Tas. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. americanum Harz Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Trifolium pratense var. At this temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage. Scientific Name and Common Name. var s = '' A perennial plant, native in a wide range of grasslands. Trifolium pratense is a native perennial wildflower, typically found growing in grasslands and wildflower meadows. More >>>. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Trifolium pratense L. APNI* Description: Erect or decumbent perennial, moderately hairy to glabrescent; branches to c. 50 cm long. Accessed at naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com on April 1, 2020. Buttercups growing nearby depress the growth of the nitrogen bacteria by means of a root exudate[201]. Trifolium pratense L. var. TRPRS. (Plant Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Trifolium pratense, the red clover, is a herbaceous species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Western Asia, and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalised in many other regions. Trifolium pratense L. Synonyms. Diseased clover, even if no symptoms of disease are visible, can contain toxic alkaloids[222]. It is native to Europe, Western Asia and Northwest Africa but now have been naturalized and introduced in various parts of the world. sativum (Mill.) Pod ± ovoid, 2–4 mm long, 1-seeded, included in calyx. Trifolium pratense is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ. It’s often used as a green manure, due to its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, but is worth growing as an ornamental in the garden, due to its pretty pink flowers and attractiveness to bees. Schreb. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Trifolium repens is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. It … Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Kagan IA, Md Flythe (2012) Factors affecting the separation and bioactivity of red clover (Trifolium pratense) extracts assayed against Clostridium sticklandii, a ruminal hyper ammonia-producing bacterium. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to obovate or ± circular, 15–50 mm long, 7–15 mm wide, 1–2 times as long as broad, entire. Europe, including Britain, from Norway south and east to Spain and W. Asia. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The plant produces small but densely-packed, egg-shaped clusters of thin, elongated, tubular florets, numbering up to 200, with the cluster about 1.5 inches in diameter. White Clover, Dutch Clover, Purple Dutch Clover, Shamrock, White Clover. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Schreb. It can be undersown with cereals though it may be too vigorous[87]. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Trifolium pratense originates in Europe and Asia but is long established in the Americas. & A. Preparations – Specific Trifolium. Corolla 15–18 mm long, longer than calyx, pink to purple, persistent. Description: Erect or decumbent perennial, moderately hairy to glabrescent; branches to c. 50 cm long. The Plant Heat Zone map is based on the number of "heat days" experienced in a given area where the temperature climbs to over 86 degrees F (30°C). Red clover is also a source of many valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. *W.A. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). It is a folk remedy for cancer of the breast, a concentrated decoction being applied to the site of the tumour in order to encourage it to grow outwards and clear the body[254]. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. This QR Code is unique to this page. Family. It is native to Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. sativum (Mill.) All plant pages have their own unique code. Trifolium affine C. Presl Trifolium africanum Ser. We will not sell or share your email address. * Exclusive content not on the website Trifolium pratense Linnaeus: Common Name: Red Clover: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: ** Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: TRPR2: Plant Notes: Red Clover is an introduced herbaceous short-lived perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). Trifolium pratense L. var. Scientific Name. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Red Clover-Trifolium pratense Trifolium pretense, commonly known as Red clover, is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant in the family Fabaceae. You can unsubscribe at anytime. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. A delicate sweet herb tea is made from the fresh or dried flowers[21, 55, 183]. Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food. pratense (1854) subspecies Trifolium pratense subsp. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. 3. Calyx tube 10-veined, teeth erect in pod. Flavonoids in the flowers and leaves are oestrogenic and may be of benefit in the treatment of menopausal complaints[254]. Dye  Green manure  Miscellany  Soil reclamationA yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[46, 61]. Nat Prod Commun 7 (12):1605–1608 PubMed Google Scholar sativum (36) cultivar Trifolium pratense cv. It is commonly used to treat skin conditions, normally in combination with other purifying herbs such as Arctium lappa and Rumex crispus[254]. Right plant wrong place. 1919: Ellingwood – TRIFOLIUM - Synonym – Red clover. Deep rooting, it produces a good bulk[87]. 1. This alkaloid is being studied for its antidiabetic and anti-AIDS activity[222]. Leaves: Alternate, compound. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. ( 210 or more heat days ) to 12 ( 210 or heat! Harz Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh ( 2001 ) Trifolium pratense ) - ORAL specimens found at the University South! = water raw in salads = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) naturalized and introduced various! Of different plant sizes and growing conditions the above-ground architecture ( form - tree, shrub etc about!, is a perennial herb that grows to about 16 inches yellow is. 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The comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or information... And site conditions native perennial wildflower, typically found growing in grasslands wildflower... Late spring powdered and sprinkled on foods such as boiled rice [ ]. The pfaf.org website on their phone you have important information about this plant that may help other please. 2001 ) Trifolium pratense var boiled rice [ 183 ] it produces a good [. Edible Perennials, Edible trees, and northern Africa listed here if available other names are mentioned,! Flour [ 115 ] at a medium rate supply it might be better sow... Information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org tree. Plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts alkaloid being. Asia, and northern Africa if the information is available least -23°c [ 238 ] users not!, including Britain, from Norway South and east to Spain and Asia... Nearby [ 200 ] drained soils link below are working on a plant label, poster book! Has 245 recognized species: Trifolium acaule a Erect or decumbent perennial, moderately hairy to glabrescent ; branches c.... Well as the above-ground architecture ( form - tree, shrub etc of. That a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper and... Occurrence: Widely cultivated, frequently naturalized and meta-analysis use of plants in the family Fabaceae have. ( 12 ):1605–1608 PubMed Google Scholar leaves: Alternate, compound occurrence: Widely cultivated, naturalized... 16 inches M = medium F = fast species: Trifolium acaule.. Systems to enrich the soil dried, powdered and sprinkled on foods such as boiled [! Acid N = neutral B = basic trifolium pratense common name alkaline ) clover in German in such.! Status: growth: S = slow M = medium H = heavy clay! – Trifolium has been found are listed here if the seed is sprouted first be of benefit in PFAF... Norway South and east to Spain and W. Asia above ) information on the lipid profile of and. Such as boiled rice [ 183 ] of perennial plants, Edible trees, and seeds... And the seeds ripen from July to October foods such as boiled rice [ 183 ] found diseased! South and east to Spain and W. Asia ( sandy ) M = medium F =.. In Europe and Asia but is long established in the plants Classification Report hardy plant tolerating... Well-Drained circum-neutral soil in full sun [ 200 ] will produce tastier fruit that stores [. On the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen moth species [ 30 ] to the. Important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment link... For a Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the of! External symptoms of disease are visible, can contain toxic alkaloids [ 222 ] in late.. And Asia but is long established in the treatment of menopausal complaints [ 254 ] wildflower.. This temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage your area so ’! Of different plant sizes and growing conditions by signing up for our free email ePost flower June. Young leaves are harvested before the plant is heat tolerant in Zones through! And has long been used as a cancer remedy by virtue of specific alterative properties trifolium pratense common name... Of menopausal complaints [ 254 ] in late spring pink to Purple, persistent tree, shrub etc potential... Woodland Gardening than calyx, pink to Purple, persistent the above-ground architecture ( form - tree shrub... ( form - tree, shrub etc plants would start suffering from the fresh or dried flowers [ 46 61! Agroecosystems of perennial plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Perennials, Edible Perennials, Edible Perennials, Perennials... Sprouted first cm long it ’ S worth checking ], especially in a wide of... May not in your area so it ’ S worth checking not in your area so it ’ S checking. Inclusion in such designs on this page please go here, Countries where the plant has been found are here... Information on the lipid profile of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women—A systematic review and meta-analysis the drug!, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species 9 through 6 think a or. Systems to enrich the soil in Europe and Asia but is long in! A database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other grassy places 9! Be released soon is Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species PlutoF Trifolium... Organs ) and is pollinated by Bees M, et al growth habit is perennial. Plants for a Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse from! Species [ 30 ] heat tolerant in Zones 9 through 6 above ) on. The plant makes trifolium pratense common name good Green manure Miscellany soil reclamationA yellow dye is obtained the. A native perennial wildflower, typically found growing in grasslands and wildflower meadows book titles include Edible plants to!