Search the Bible. (2) Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God. as a whole, and as a revelation of God, has a forward look; it anticipates completion and excites hope; and it is not too much to say that this is suggested by describing it as . This includes blessing Israel as well as judging her, as the subsequent quotation from Ps 51:4 indicates (Ps 51:6 MT). John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. Commentary on Romans 3:1-8 (Read Romans 3:1-8) The law could not save in or from sins, yet it gave the Jews advantages for obtaining salvation. The apostle denies the correctness of this inference from what he had said, and admits that the Jews have great advantages over all other people, Romans 3:2. Since the Jew is just as guilty as the Gentile (2:1-5; 17-23) and cannot simply appeal to the token of circumcision to secure immunity from judgment (2:24-29), the question might reasonably be asked—with the intention of impugning God’s character and plan—what advantage is there, then, in being a Jew or what is the value of circumcision? It was a great thing to be a Jew in those old times. 3:3 What then? Romans 2:17-19 Commentary. Table of Contents. Since circumcision is unprofitable without observing the law, and since being a Jew outwardly is of no avail, what advantage does the latter possess, and of what profit is the former? 3 What if some were unfaithful? In fact, this state of affairs actually proves that God is true and that men are liars. L et’s take a close look at Romans chapter 3 and study it together and add some personal commentary to it. Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible. Again, quoting Gould, “Educated men demanded” he be laid there. And while he observes, that their privileges were every way great, he mentions one, which indeed, more or less, comprehended in its bosom every other; namely, in having the Oracles of his holy Word, which so blessedly set forth, in type and shadow, as well as by absolute promise and prophecy, the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. (EntityRef: expecting ';' at line 49, ... More Romans commentaries. "What value was there in circumcision" (Knox), "Here Paul imagines someone breaking into his argument and saying: "Well then, if it is being a Jew inwardly that counts, if it is the "circumcision" of the heart that matters, is there any advantage in belonging to the Jewish nation, or in being physically circumcised?" The style Paul utilizes here is known as diatribe which was a common method of teaching used by writers and instructors in Paul’s time. NET RSV ASV YLT DBY WEB HNV. That by this general expression ( χρησμοὺς αὐτοίς ἄνωθεν κατηνεχθέντας, Chrysostom), which always receives its more precise definition from the context (Acts 7:38; Hebrews 5:12; 1 Peter 4:11; compare the passages from the Septuagint in Schleusner, Thes. What advantage then hath the Jew? The Epistle of Enoch and Romans 3:21-31: The Revelation of God’s Righteousness — Jonathan A. Linebaugh 6. -. It’s text, from the book of Proverbs, may stand as the most fitting testimony to Darwin’s greatness: ‘Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and getteth understanding. Romans 3:1-8 contributes to our understanding of sin (hamartiology) and how God will deal with it. Paul says that even the king of Israel, David himself, who enjoyed an excellent overall reputation in first century Judaism, had to be judged for his sin. We are not to think for one minute that even though our sin demonstrates the infinite righteousness of our perfect God that we are therefore excused in some way from judgment or have thus been given license to sin. Romans 3:1-31. do not overlook by the way the blessedness of this doctrine, as it may be, and as it ought to be, applied, to numberless occasions in life. (1) The Grand Excuses (Romans 3:1-8) 1. The O.T. If the Jews (might some object) lie equally exposed to condemnation with the Gentiles, then they have no excellency above them. RVR60 VUL WLC LXX mGNT TR . Chapter 2. Even if our sin demonstrates the righteousness of God, he is not unjust to inflict wrath on us (3:5-6). &c. The apostle, not to offend the Jews, by insisting too long in reprehending them, turns his discourse to the advantages they have hitherto had above other nations. Romans 3:1, KJV: "What advantage then hath the Jew? B. Further, the accusation that Paul’s “law-free” gospel leads to greater sinfulness in 3:8 undoubtedly came from Jews who clung to the Law of Moses. Their condemnation is deserved!). But shall David's sin, in the case of Bathsheba, do away this promise? The God who inflicts wrath is not unrighteous, is he? or what profit [is there] of circumcision? The straight forward answer is, “they did not believe the oracles.” But the oracles are not ends in themselves, but rather they speak to the promises and purposes of God. In the first part of this chapter the apostle meets various objections which might naturally arise in the mind of an unbelieving Jew to the doctrine which he has established in the preceding chapter, that the outward relation of the Jews to Abraham and their outward privileges cannot save them, but that God will deal with them, as with the Gentiles, according to their works. 4 Not at all! The first contains a brief statement and refutation of the jewish objections to the apostle's reasoning Romans 3:1-8. First of all, the Jews have been entrusted with the very words of God. What advantage then hath the Jew? 3 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision? The apostle points out the peculiar privileges of the Jews, Romans 3:1-8.But shows that they, also, as well as the Gentiles, had sinned, and forfeited all right and title to God's especial favor, Romans 3:9.The corrupt state of all mankind, Romans 3:10-18.All the world is guilty before God, and none can be justified by the works of the law, Romans 3:19, Romans 3:20.God's Mercy in providing … (Witham). As an inference ( οὖν) from Romans 2:28-29, the objection might now be made from the Jewish standpoint against the Apostle, that he quite does away with the advantage of Judaism and the benefit of circumcision. Romans 3 Devotional Commentary ... Romans is the book that systematically exposes the sinfulness of fallen man, in order to reveal the perfect righteousness of our eternal God. If the preceding doctrine be true, it may be asked, What advantage hath the Jew over the Gentile; and what profit is there in circumcision, if it does not save from sin? The first eight verses of Romans 3 can be interpreted as an "imaginary dialogue" that the apostle holds with his Jewish detractors. On the Greek form of expression πιστεύο΄αί τι (1 Corinthians 9:17; Galatians 2:7), see Winer, p. 244 [E. T. 326]. This is the first question put by his imaginary opponent, phrased, of course, by Paul. Romans 2:5-6 Commentary. 2. Community Rule and Romans 5:1-11: The Relationship between Justification and Suffering — Mark D. Mathews 8. Chapter 16. He proves the full Condemnation of all the World before God by the Deeds of the Law, In the close, he sweetly preacheth Christ. Romans 3:1.— The Apostle, in the latter end of the foregoing chapter, has carried his argument to the utmost length. Romans 9:4-23; where we have the same questions more distinctly put, answered, and largely discussed; only we may observe, that here they relate solely to the rejection of the Jews, but there they take in also the calling of the Gentiles. Romans 3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? Commentary on Romans by John Calvin, 1509-1564. Romans 3:9-19 The law itself convinceth the Jews also universally of sin. This would amuse, and at the same time instruct him, and possibly cool his resentment; especially as the Apostle's answer to the first question is much in his favour. Translation of Romans. Cite Share Print BLB Searches. Introduction 1:1-17. presents substantially the same question in a more specific form. Anab. What advantage does the Jew have or what is the value of circumcision (3:1)? For example, the apostle says, of first (πρῶτον, prōton) importance, they have been entrusted with the oracles of God (ἐπιστεύθησαν τὰ λόγια τοῦ θεοῦ, episteuthēsan ta logia tou theou). But Paul never taught the unqualified removal of the Law, only a different understanding of its role in salvation and sanctification (cf. In light of passages like 11:25 and the dismal overall reaction of the Jews to Christ, we may say that Paul is being gracious here by deliberately understating the case. πρῶτον] first of all, firstly, it is a prerogative of the Jew, or advantage of circumcision, that etc. Who that hears the Prophets, predicting the coming of the Messiah, but must be struck with their witness to the Godhead of Christ? Much every way; first of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God. No matter how much glory God receives as a result of our sin, sin will always be punished and God will always remain just. Or what profit is there of circumcision? He wished to be buried in his beloved village, but the sentiment of educated men demanded a place in Westminster Abbey beside Isaac Newton. The first objection is stated in this verse. First, the deciding factor in judgment concerning our eternal destiny is our relationship to Christ and his saving work. τὸ περισσὸν κ. τ. λ(732)] the superiority (Matthew 5:47; Matthew 11:9; Plat. and Ph.D. from Dallas Theological Seminary. Romans 3:1-8. or what is the benefit of Judaism?' Ultimately, on the day of wrath, when he calls all men to give an account, the truth of his righteous character will become universally known (Rom 14:10; Heb 4:13). Paul extends the meaning of oracles here in two ways—in content and audience: The content of the message includes the entire Law. Romans 4:1-25 Chapter V. Romans 5:1-21 Chapter VI. Romans 3:21-31 Chapter IV. The first part of the verse is a rejoinder to the objection outlined in the previous verse. Reader! … But the Poor Man's Commentary is designed for a very different class, James 2:5. Paul has been articulating reasons for his strong conviction that Jews and Gentiles stand on equal ground before God. The apostle moved on from questions about why people need salvation ( Romans 1:18 to Romans 3:20), what God has done to provide it, and how we can appropriate it ( Romans 3:21 to Romans 5:21). Do the Jews have any advantage? or what profit is there of circumcision? Chapter 8. Consequently the Gentile has as good a title as the Jew; for those blessings are given only by grace; and grace, or mere favour, is alike free to all mankind: and when all are in equal circumstances, it is perfectly absurd for any to pretend to engross it to themselves, exclusively of others, who are as good, or but as bad, as they." OVERVIEW Paul's opening to this letter to the church in Rome follows standard letter-writing conventions of the day with certain modifications. He puts a question into the mouth of the Church, which he foresaw would arise in the minds of the people, from what he had said, and as instantly answers it. Introduction. 3:1-2 In 2:1-29 Paul criticizes the Jew for his misunderstanding of circumcision and for his arrogant hypocrisy. i.e. 3. The question then arises that if the Jew who is unrighteous has no special privileges because of his unrighteousness (Romans 2:11-13; Romans 2:21-24), and if physical circumcision loses its validity for man when he is unrighteous (Romans 2:25-29), what are the advantages (to perisson - here meaning to have what is beyond what others have) of being a Jew and what profit is there in being circumcised? Thus, it is entirely reasonable to argue that the Jews’ failure to believe the oracles of God is particularly evident in their failure to accept Christ—the Ultimate fulfillment of the promises contained in the oracles (Rom 10:4; 15:12). I could not suppress the thought, which involuntarily arose in my mind, from the view, of the sacred Oracles having been all along deposited with Israel, for this among other purposes. A Jew would naturally ask, if the view which the apostle had given were correct, what special benefit could the Jew derive from his religion? 3:1-8 The law could not save in or from sins, yet it gave the Jews advantages for obtaining salvation. "Profit" -5622. opheleia {o-fel"-i-ah}; from a derivative of the base of 5624; usefulness, i.e. It is ironic that his final tribute was a scriptural anthem. Romans 2:1-29 Chapter III. Understand The Blessing of Being a Christian (3:1-2), B. In the second part, from … Romans 2:24-26 Commentary. As his coffin entered the vast building, the choir sang an anthem composed for the occasion. God will be true to what he has said. The second a confirmation of his doctrine from the testimony of scripture; and a formal drawing out and declaration of his conclusions that by the works of the law no flesh living can be justified before god, Romans 3:9-20. Romans 3:1-8 New International Version << Romans 2 | Romans 3 | Romans 4 >> 3 1 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision? 1. What advantage] Gr. ὅτι ἐπιστ. "Profit" -5622. opheleia {o-fel"-i-ah}; from a derivative of the base of 5624; usefulness, i.e. Dedication to Simon Grynaeus. The unbelief of the Jews does not nullify God’s faithfulness, but rather God will be justified in his words and prevail when he judges, just as it says in Psalm 116:11 (3:3-4). The profit, or, ‘benefit,’ of circumcision. Darwin was, however, buried at Westminster because of the profound contribution he made to science. God's promise to David, was an absolute unconditional promise, that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne, Psalms 132:11; Acts 2:30. Romans 13:1-14 Chapter XIV. But especially the Scriptures were … Chapter 13. What then is the advantage, etc. I consider myself to be a slave of *Christ Jesus. Romans 3:1–8 contains a series of questions which might have come from someone opposed to Paul's teaching in Romans 2. God also provides salvation from the present power of sin in the redeemed sinner"s daily experience. This was in effect to say, that the Jews were as unworthy to be continued in the church, as the Gentiles to be taken into it; and consequently, that in order to their enjoying the privileges of the church, under the Messiah, they stood in need of a fresh display of grace; which if they rejected, God would cast them out of the vineyard. Great is that people's privilege and mercy, who enjoy the word of God, the audible word in the holy scriptures, the visible word in the holy sacraments. So wrote Stephen Jay Gould, the eminent Harvard paleontologist, professor of geology, and ardent evolutionist in Discover magazine in 1982. What advantage then has the Jew, or KJV NKJV NLT NIV ESV CSB NASB. He then returns to his great theme, that since Jews and Gentiles are alike under sin, they need alike righteousness of God which is of faith, not of works. Romans 3:1 f. is that which the Jew has “over and above” the Gentile. 3 What if some were unfaithful? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect? And while he observes, that their privileges were every way great, he mentions one, which indeed, more or less, comprehended in its bosom every other; namely, in having the Oracles of his holy Word, which so blessedly set forth, in type and shadow, as well as by absolute promise and prophecy, the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. 6, 30), in whatever light the matter may be considered. Their stated ordinances, education in the knowledge of the true God and his service, and many favours shown to the children of Abraham, all were means of grace, and doubtless were made useful to the conversion of many. Demosth. Chapter 1. What advantage then hath the Jew? Paul refers here to the righteousness of God (θεου~ δικαιωσύνην, theou dikaiōsunēn). God's Faithfulness Shown in Keeping His … 1 What advantage then hath the Jew? Only here and Jude 1:16. His word must stand. Think of all the privileges granted by God to that nation--privileges in which other nations had no part.". then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped!, Isaiah 35:4-5; Luke 4:16-21. Ap. This is undoubtedly due to his treatment of the Law and the feeling that if one does away with the Law—like Paul had supposedly done—then sin will run rampant. Idea: Though there is advantage in being a Jew this does not mean that unfaithfulness and sin will render God unfaithful or that such behavior will not go unpunished, even if it does demonstrate the righteousness of God. Study the bible online using commentary on Romans 3 and more! Romans 3:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 3:1, NIV: "What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision?" As if he had said, If your statement be correct, that the Jew is as far from salvation by the law, as the Gentile is by nature; to what purpose was it to be born of the natural stock of Abraham, or what use was it for all his children to be circumcised? What does the Jew have over and above the Gentile? And the great drift from the whole is, to prove the absolute need of Christ; and the compleatness in Christ, in a way of a full, free, and finished justification. Roman 1:1 Paul Do we ask why he writes Paul', since he was called ' Saul' before? ROMANS 3:1-20. 1. This point is taken up at Romans 3:2— ὠφέλεια τῆς περιτομῆς, the profit of circumcision) See on this subject ch. The most obvious objection in the mind of a Jew to this conclusion must have been, that it was inconsistent with the acknowledged privileges and superiority of his nation. Will Jewish unbelief lead to God being unfaithful (3:3)? The answer to those interesting questions, which the Apostle immediately follows up, in a most ample and satisfactory manner, gives occasion to set forth, in yet stronger features of character, the object he had all along in view, of the utterly lost and helpless estate of every man before God, in anything of his own. The expression there are many advantages (πολὺ κατὰ πάντα τρόπον, polu kata panta tropon) literally reads “much according to every way.” This does not mean that the Jew had advantages in every way without exception, since this interpretation would practically render 2:1-29 and the criticism there obsolete. 2 Much in every way! Barnes's Romans 3:1 Bible Commentary What advantage ... - The design of the first part of this chapter is to answer some of the objections which might be offered by a Jew to the statements in the last chapter. About This Book. It is moreover clear from what precedes and follows, that Paul meant the περισσόν not in a moral, but in a theocratic sense; comp Romans 9:4 f. κατὰ πάντα τρόπον] in every way (Xen. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. He also points out that God remains faithful to the Jewish people in spite of their sin. ; = “What good does his circumcision do him?” goes with . must be regarded as the contents of revelation, having God as their author, and at the time when Paul wrote, identical with the O.T. No matter how much glory God receives as a result of our sin, sin will always be punished and God will always remain just. Paul’s conclusions in chapter 2are contrary to what the Jews believed. 4 Not at all! When we step into Romans 4 we have to remember that we are coming to the final stages of an argument that has been unfolding since at least the middle of Romans 1. Paul denies this conclusion. C. God will be proven true and every man a liar for this is what Psalm 116:11 says (3:4). Greek. Please leave your own comment so that we can all learn from one another. (3) For what if some did not believe? Romans 2:20-23 Commentary. The sense is this: But you of the Jews will object and say, "If outward circumcision avails nothing, but the inward circumcision is all in all; and if the uncircumcised person, keeping the law, is to be reckoned as circumcised, what advantage then hath the Jew above the Gentile, or what profit is there of the circumcision above uncircumcision? Know ye not — Can any of you be ignorant of this great and obvious truth, that so many of us as were baptized into Christ — That is, into the profession of the Christian faith; or implanted into and made a part of the mystical body of Christ by baptism, (as εις Χριστον seems to imply,) were baptized into his death — Engaged by baptism to be conformed to his death, by dying to sin, as he died for it, and … We need to briefly spell out, however, a more integrated view of the Pauline concept of judgment. The overall point of the verse, though the Greek is somewhat tangled seems fairly clear enough. What shall we say if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God (3:5)? This enlighteneth the eyes, rejoiceth the heart, quickeneth the soul. Romans 1:1-7 Paul introduces himself to the believers in Rome. 1; Plut. In a similar way, it is still asked by carnal professors of Christianity, Of what use is obedience to the law of God or the observance of His ordinances, if they do not save the soul, or contribute somewhat to this end? God, who inflicts wrath, is not unrighteous, is he (3:5)? In these advantages, then, it is impossible to repose confidence. or what profit is there of circumcision?" Paul, in answer, admits that the faithfulness of God must not be called in question, let what will happen, Romans 3:4, Romans 3:5; but he shows that the principle on which the Jews expected exemption from punishment, viz., because their unrighteousness commended the righteousness of God, was false. what he has as an advantage over the Gentile, the Jewish surplus. Chapter 9. Romans 2:3-4 Commentary. List one advantage that the Jews had over the Gentiles (Romans 3:2). Romans 2:13-16 Commentary. As it is written: It takes the most beautiful gift of God and perverts it and mocks it. People's Bible Notes for Romans 3:1. But notice that Paul says only some (τινες, tines) did not believe. And the Apostle was sensible that the Jew would understand what he had said in this sense. I beg the Reader to pause in this place. ‘What advantage then does the Jew have? God Righteousness Enhanced by Sin (3:5-8). 35 R. Kent Hughes, 1001 Great Stories and Quotes (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale, 1998), 239-40. Rom 1:18-20). The third, an exposition of the gospel method of justification Romans 3:21-31. Clear Advanced Options. Chapter 5. For God Will Judge People as Sinners (3:7-8). The Gospel of Salvation—Paul’s Vocation (Romans 1:1–17) Our Need for Salvation in Life and Work (Romans 1:18–1:32) All Have Sinned (Romans 2–3) Judgment, Justice, and Faith (Romans 3) Judgment, the Source of Broken Relationships (Romans 3:1–20) God’s Justice Through Jesus, the Solution to Our False Judgments (Romans 3:21–26) Romans 3:1,(731) 2. 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