The binomial nomenclature has a ton of advantages over using the common names: 1. A scientific name has two (or sometimes more) parts. For example, the aquatic plant whose common name in Florida is maidencane has the scientific name Panicum hemitomon or Panicum hemitomon. sativum var. Scientific names are presented in taxonomic groupings to the Order, except for the Monera and Fungi, which are presented only by Phylum. Scientific Name: Pisum sativum L. ssp. Agriculture to farmers to provide holistic perspective of scientific Agriculture. Common Name/ (Plant Family)1/ Scientific Name Growth Cycle2 Season of Maximum Growth Method of Propagation Seed/lb (1000) Section of State Where Adapted3 NW NE C S Aeschynomene (L) Aeschynomene spp. Arvense Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Scientific names are usually based on Latin or Greek words and are written in italics or underlined. The Editor compiled this glossary from common names cited in the individual chapters. The information will be of immense value to the scientist scholars agencies and individuals involved in the development and propagation of hybrids in different vegetable crops. Title: Glossary of Crop Science Terms Created Date: 8/19/2004 11:07:02 AM arvense Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Common Name: Hairy Vetch Scientific Name: Vicia villosa Family: Fabaceae The scientific name must be underlined or italic to be differentiated from any other words. Agronomic Crop Species and Variety Selection 2 Table 1. Growth characteristics and adaptations of field and forage crops grown in Florida. 'Scientific Naming,' aka 'Binomial nomenclature,' is the scientific process under which names to all living organisms, plants, and animals are given. Scientific names of plants and animals 182 of 186. Common Name: Field Pea Scientific Name: Pisum sativum subsp. 5-1, 5-2) Old World I. Chinese Center: The largest independent center which includes the mountainous regions of central and western China, and adjacent lowlands. The scientific name of this crop is Glycine max (L), Merr. To help countries use ICC, an alphabetical list of crops with botanical names and crop codes is shown in Appendix 4. A total of 136 endemic plants are listed, among which are a few known to us as important crops. What are scientific names and why are they used? Note that the different levels of ICC – namely, groups, classes, sub-classes and orders – do not relate in 72 pp. In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." Within Order, scientific names are presented alphabetically. The eight Vavilovian centers of origin for crop plants The Eight Vavilovian Centers (Fig. ... between food knowledge systems has created hopes for more democratic scientific research ... mainstream thinking about agriculture and food policies. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. This handbook is a product of series of brainstorming workshops and consultative meetings with various stakeholders such as Researchers, Academicians, Extension Functionaries, Agripreneurs, Master Trainers On food sovereignty Berry, Wendel, 2009. Crop Plant Families: According to the botanical classification we can summarize the families of the most important field crops as follows: More information on the definitions of crops is contained in Definition and Classification of Commodities (FAO, 1996c). These are usually derived from Latin. Glossary of Scientific Names of Crops Plants and Pest Organisms This glossary gives the common names and scientific names for the various crop plants and pest organisms discussed in this book.