of Odisha.The website is developed and hosted by National Informatics Center. [48], The Orissa famine of 1866 caused an estimated 1 million deaths. Category:Agriculture in Odisha. [25] On 24 March 2011, Rajya Sabha, the upper house of Parliament, also passed the bill and the amendment. [46], In 1751, the Nawab of Bengal Alivardi Khan ceded the region to the Maratha Empire. [18] The first of April is celebrated as Utkala Dibasa. Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology (OUAT) the second oldest Agricultural University of India was established in Bhubaneswar, Odisha in 1962. Each District is separated into Sub-Divisions, each governed by a Sub-Collector and Sub-Divisional Magistrate. Odisha's growth rate is above the national average. Odisha has emerged as the most preferred destination for overseas investors with investment proposals. Odisha has a culinary tradition spanning centuries. The "Odisha Rasagola" was awarded a GI tag 29 July 2019 after a long battle about the origin of the famous sweet with West Bengal.[129]. The finesse and grandeur of Odisha's architecture is exhibited in its temples that the Aryans left behind. The state of Odisha has hosted several international sporting events, including the 2018 Men's Hockey World Cup, and will host matches for the 2020 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup and the 2023 Men's Hockey World Cup. Existing aerodromes at Barbil, Gopalpur, Jharsuguda and Rourkela were also to be upgraded. [16] The language of Odisha is Odia, which is one of the Classical Languages of India. The basic objective of the Agricultural Census is to observe the structure and characteristics of the agricultural holdings. Signs Agreement to Promote Agriculture Enterprises in Tribal Districts Adopt Integrated Farming to Make Agriculture More Profitable: Kailash Choudhary ‘Eat Right Jacket’ and ‘Eat Right Jhola’ Launched on World Food Day 2019 In power generation, Reliance Power (Anil Ambani Group) is putting up the world's largest power plant with an investment of US$13 billion at Hirma in Jharsuguda district. It stands out as a masterpiece in Odisha architecture. As per Budget 2019-20, an amount of Rs 7,552.27 crore (US$ 1046.75 million) has been allocated to the Department of Agriculture and Farmers’ Empowerment. Agriculture Over 76 percent of the people are dependent on agriculture. [102][103][104] 65%, … The bird sanctuary in Chilika Lake (Asia's largest brackish water lake) and the tiger reserve and waterfalls in Simlipal National Park are integral parts of eco-tourism in Odisha, arranged by Odisha Tourism. In 2002, there were about 80 elephants. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. For example, Odisha is home to several Hindu figures. [96] It contains a fifth of India's coal, a quarter of its iron ore, a third of its bauxite reserves and most of the chromite. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated. Before India became independent in 1947, Odisha’s capital was at Cuttack. This represents a 13.97% increase over the population in 2001. [79] The state's coastal region has also had sightings of finless porpoise, bottlenose dolphin, humpback dolphin and spinner dolphin in its waters.[80]. Bhubaneswar: The Odisha government is coming out with a new Agriculture Policy soon. The Odisha Temple Authorisation Act of 1948 empowered the government of Odisha to open temples for all Hindus, including Dalits. Rice is the principal crop and rice is the staple food of the Oriyas but its cultivation has to be made more productive as the output per hectare is below the national average. [73] The possibly endangered horseshoe crab is also found in this region. [88] The term of the office is for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term.[86]. This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. Horticulture Department Govt. [82][83], The main parties active in the politics of Odisha are the Biju Janata Dal, the Indian National Congress and Bhartiya Janata Party. Some of the major dialects found inside the state are Sambalpuri, Cuttacki, Puri, Baleswari, Ganjami, Desiya and Phulbani. Agriculture in Odisha According to the 2011 Census of India, 61.8% of the Odisha’s working population are engaged in agricultural activities. [87] The 147 elected representatives are called Members of the Legislative Assembly, or MLAs. However, urban expansion and over-grazing have reduced the forests and are driving herds of elephants to migration. [53] The new province of Orissa came into existence on a linguistic basis during the British rule in India, with Sir John Austen Hubback as the first governor. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. The state is attracting an unprecedented amount of investment in aluminium, coal-based power plants, petrochemicals, and information technology as well. Odisha, state of India located in the northeastern part of the country. According to current estimate proportion of people living under poverty line was 32.6%[111][112]. Major cities of Odisha are well connected to all the major cities of India by direct daily trains and weekly trains. [90] The RDCs report to the Board of Revenue, which is headed by a senior officer of the Indian Administrative Service.[89]. Utkala Brahmin, also known as Utkala Panda (trans. The impressive growth in gross domestic product of the state has been reported by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. The kitchen of the Shri Jagannath Temple, Puri is reputed to be the largest in the world, with 1,000 chefs, working around 752 wood-burning clay hearths called chulas, to feed over 10,000 people each day.[125][126]. The Odisha government launched a portal https://ova.gov.in/en in 2018 to promote Odia language and literature. [74], Chilika Lake is a brackish water lagoon on the east coast of Odisha with an area of 1,105 km2. The Odisha Agriculture Policy 2019 will focus on high production, market linkage, and steady rise in farmers income. These valleys have fertile soil and are densely populated. [118] It is also one of the classical languages of India. Later, the kings of the Somavamsi dynasty began to unite the region. In 2011 the state’s name was changed from Orissa to Odisha. Russian major Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Company (MMK) plans to set up a 10 MT steel plant in Odisha, too. Odisha is experiencing steady economic growth. Odissi (Orissi) dance and music are classical art forms. The proportion of people living below the poverty line in 2004–2005 was 57.15% which was nearly double the Indian average of 26.10%. The present capitol was subsequently built at Bhubaneshwar, in the vicinity of the city’s historic temples. [24], The name of the state was changed from Orissa to Odisha, and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia, in 2011, by the passage of the Orissa (Alteration of Name) Bill, 2010 and the Constitution (113th Amendment) Bill, 2010 in the Parliament. In addition to Odia, significant population of people speaking other major Indian languages like Hindi, Telugu, Urdu and Bengali are also found in the state. However, locally the year is divided into six traditional seasons (or rutus): Grishma (summer), Barsha (rainy season), Sharata (autumn), Hemanta (dewy),Sheeta(winter season) and Basanta (spring), . [68], The Bhitarkanika National Park in Kendrapara district covers 650 km2, of which 150 km2 are mangroves. [89] The position of the RDC in the administrative hierarchy is that between that of the district administration and the state secretariat. [19] Cuttack was made the capital of the region by Anantavarman Chodaganga in c. 1135,[20] after which the city was used as the capital by many rulers, through the British era until 1948. Odisha has abundant natural resources and a large coastline. The variety of dances includes Ghumura Dance, Chhau dance, Jhumair, Mahari dance, Dalkhai and Gotipua. [35][36], By c. 150 BCE, emperor Kharavela, who was possibly a contemporary of Demetrius I of Bactria,[37] conquered a major part of the Indian sub-continent. [98], In 2009 Odisha was the second top domestic investment destination with Gujarat first and Andhra Pradesh in third place according to an analysis of ASSOCHAM Investment Meter (AIM) study on corporate investments. There have been attempts at conservation and reforestation. Odisha has a coastline of 485 kilometres (301 mi) along the Bay of Bengal. [27], Prehistoric Acheulian tools dating to Lower Paleolithic era have been discovered in various places in the region, implying an early settlement by humans. Odisha - Odisha - History: Since its earliest known history, the land that roughly corresponds to present-day Odisha has gone by various names, most notably Utkala (or Okkala), Kalinga, and Odra Desha (or Oddaka), which appeared in ancient literature as designations for particular tribes. They agreed to treaty because their leader Qutlu Khan Lohani had recently died. [64], Simlipal National Park is a protected wildlife area and tiger reserve spread over 2,750 km2 of the northern part of Mayurbhanj district. The state has an area of 155,707 km2, which is 4.87% of total area of India, and a coastline of 450 km. It received investment proposal worth ₹. The Odisha government will be formulating a new agriculture policy that will focus on improving farmers income, said an official on 11 th June 2019.. Saurabh Garg, Agriculture Secretary said the state government will change the Agriculture Policy 2013 with a new one that will concentrate on the income enhancement of farmers. Presenting the draft policy state […] Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha. [91] Blocks consists of Panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Entry to various institutes of higher education especially into engineering degrees is through a centralised Odisha Joint Entrance Examination, conducted by the Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT), Rourkela, since 2003, where seats are provided according to order of merit. It has 1078 species of plants, including 94 orchids. The population is predominantly, to approx. [128] The Odisha government announced its first agriculture policy in 1996 and subsequent policies were announced in 2008 and 2013. [106] Steel and power were among the sectors which attracted maximum investments in the state. The share of foreign tourists’ arrival in the state is below one percent of total foreign tourist arrivals at all India level. Only a portion of the Konark Sun Temple, the largest of the temples of the "Holy Golden Triangle" exists today, and it is still staggering in size. It has one major port at Paradip and few minor ports. [63] 97 of them are found in Mayurbhanj district alone. It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population. Since 2005 the state has reduced poverty rate dramatically by 24.6 percentage points. Data of 1996–2001 showed the life expectancy in the state was 61.64 years, higher than the national value of years. The Odisha Government has achieved significant success in agriculture in recent years, the Chief Minister said, adding that the agri budget in Odisha has doubled in the past few years, and the State Government has won several awards, too. The state is losing its forests to timber smuggling, mining, industrialisation and grazing. 50,000 villages. Each district is governed by a Collector and District Magistrate, who is appointed from the Indian Administrative Service. The Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneswar has a 150-foot (46 m) high deula while the Jagannath Temple, Puri is about 200 feet (61 m) high and dominates the skyline. One MLA may be nominated from the Anglo-Indian community by the governor. As per the State Budget 2019-20, the Government of Odisha has allocated an amount of Rs 5,578.69 crore (US$ 773.21 million) under the Housing and Urban Infrastructure Department. [99], Odisha has a network of roads, railways, airports and seaports. [130] Odissi has a long, unbroken tradition of 2,000 years, and finds mention in the Natyashastra of Bharatamuni, possibly written c. 200 BC. The President gave his assent on September 27 to the three contentious agriculture Bills that were earlier passed by the Parliament. [58] The stretch between Puri and Bhadrak in Odisha juts out a little into the sea, making it vulnerable to any cyclonic activity. The Utkala Brahmins are one of the five Pancha Gauda Brahmin communities that originally resided to the north of the Vindhyas, and represent around 12% of Odia population. [127] Chhenapoda is another major Odisha sweet cuisine, which originated in Nayagarh. The region resisted integration into the Mughal empire until 1568, when it was conquered by Sultanate of Bengal. Odisha's varying topography – from the wooded Eastern Ghats to the fertile river basin – has proven ideal for evolution of compact and unique ecosystems. Each division consists of ten districts, and has as its administrative head a Revenue Divisional Commissioner (RDC). After a brief debate, the lower house, Lok Sabha, passed the bill and amendment on 9 November 2010. Irrawaddy dolphins can be found in Chilika, Vanda tessellata, one of the orchids found in Odisha[81], All states in India are governed by a parliamentary system of government based on universal adult franchise. The Sub-Divisions are further divided into Tahasils. [105] The government of Odisha also plans five greenfield airports at Angul, Dhamra, Kalinganagar, Paradip and Rayagada in an effort to boost intrastate and inter-state civil aviation. The sal tree is the primary tree species there. Some elephants have died in conflicts with villagers, while some have died during migration from being electrocuted by power lines or hit by trains. Bandhabahal is a major area of open cast coal mines in Odisha. Odisha lies between the latitudes 17.780N and 22.730N, and between longitudes 81.37E and 87.53E. Yayati II is supposed to have built the Lingaraj temple at Bhubaneswar. He also built the monastery atop the Udayagiri hill. Agriculture Land for sale in Odisha. [44] Mukunda Deva, who is considered the last independent king of Kalinga, was defeated and was killed in battle by a rebel Ramachandra Bhanja. The majority (almost 94%[114]) of people in Odisha are Hindu and there is also a rich cultural heritage in the state. [40] It was also a part of Harsha's empire.[41]. Chaitanya Das was a Buddhistic-Vaishnava and writer of the Nirguna Mahatmya. Municipal Corporations in Odisha include Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Berhampur, Sambalpur and Rourkela. [42][43], The Eastern Ganga Dynasty was followed by the Gajapati Kingdom. [65] The Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary is a 190 km2 protected area near the capital city, Bhubaneswar. Even as the Odisha government talks about its commitment to the agriculture sector, it is witnessing a surprising trend in which large tracts of agricultural land have remained uncultivated for the past several years, a state government report says. Man Singh returned in 1592 and pacified the region. Maa Tarini Temple situated in Kendujhar district is also a famous pilgrimage destination. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. [86] Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the Governor of Odisha. This page was last edited on 25 December 2015, at 05:22. Ramachandra Bhanja himself was killed by Bayazid Khan Karrani. Air Odisha, is Odisha's sole air charter company based in Bhubaneswar. Around 130 species have been reported from the state. There are 304 species of birds in the park, such as the common hill myna, grey hornbill, Indian pied hornbill and Malabar pied hornbill. [18], The British had occupied the Northern Circars, comprising the southern coast of Odisha, as a result of the Second Carnatic War by 1760, and incorporated them into the Madras Presidency gradually. [57] The Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), a Food and Agriculture Organization-recognised rice gene bank and research institute, is situated on the banks of Mahanadi in Cuttack. Odisha (English: /əˈdɪsə/,[12] Odia: [oɽiˈsaː] (listen)), formerly Orissa (/ɒˈrɪsə, ɔː-, oʊ-/[13]), is an Indian state located in Eastern India. Of these, the most important are the Lingaraja Temple, Bhubaneswar (11th century), Jagannath Temple at Puri (12th century) and the great Sun Temple at Konark (13th century). [53][54] Following India's independence, on 15 August 1947, 27 princely states signed the document to join Orissa. He turned into a pacifist and converted to Buddhism. Outside the protected area, they are killed by poachers. [120], The different adibasi communities who mostly reside in Western Odisha have their own languages belonging to Austroasiatic and Dravidian family of languages. The city of Brahmapur in Odisha is also known to have been the capital of the Pauravas during the closing years of 4th Century CE. Deep and broad valleys have been made in them by rivers. The Dhamra Port Company Limited plans to build Dhamra Airport 20 km from Dhamra Port. 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[75] Birds from places like the Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, other parts of Russia, Central Asia, South-East Asia, Ladakh and the Himalayas migrate to the lagoon in winter. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker, or by the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. Odisha has a total of two operational airports, 17 airstrips and 16 helipads. Every day thousands of coconuts are given to Maa Tarini by devotees for fulfilling their wishes.[131]. [28] Kalinga has been mentioned in ancient texts like Mahabharata, Vayu Purana and Mahagovinda Suttanta. The opposition as well as long-time BJP ally Shiromani Akali Dal have termed these reforms as "anti-farmer". “I am confident that in a few years’ time, Odisha will be the leader in the agri space,”Patnaik said. [21], The economy of Odisha is the 16th-largest state economy in India with ₹5.33 lakh crore (US$75 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹116,614 (US$1,600). The governor is appointed by the President of India. [17], The ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka (which was again won back from them by king Kharavela) in 261 BCE resulting in the Kalinga War, coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha. [71] The Bhitarkanika sanctuary is also noted for its large population of salt-water crocodiles. Odisha has an agriculture -based economy which is in transition towards an industry and service-based economy. It also has 60 species of reptiles, notable among which are the king cobra, banded krait, and tricarinate hill turtle. Rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane, coconut and turmeric are important crops. [51] On 1 April 1912, the Bihar and Orissa Province was formed. [85] The Odisha Legislative Assembly consists of 147 elected members,[84] and special office bearers such as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, who are elected by the members. 1250). Berhampur and Sambalpur. The other major cities are Cuttack, Rourkela, Odissi is the oldest surviving dance form in India on the basis of archaeological evidence. Orissa is mainly an agricultural state: 88% of its inhabitants live in approx. Agriculture and allied sector continues to be important for Odisha contributing 18.9% to the State’s Gross Value Added (GVA) in 2018-19. The park has 55 mammals, including barking deer, Bengal tiger, common langur, four-horned antelope, Indian bison, Indian elephant, Indian giant squirrel, Indian leopard, jungle cat, sambar deer, and wild boar. In the dry season, the tides bring in salt water. The plains are rich in fertile silt deposited by the six major rivers flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Subarnarekha, Budhabalanga, Baitarani, B… The ancient Greeks knew the latter two groups as Kalingai and Oretes. [18] They were replaced by the Eastern Ganga dynasty. It extends from the Subarnarekha River in the north to the Rushikulya river in the south. In the eastern part of the state lies the coastal plain. The state also has bamboo forests (10,518 km2) and mangroves (221 km2). Chandipur, a calm and serene site, is mostly unexplored by tourists. some of them are:[108][109]. [117], Christians in Odisha account for about 2.8% of the population while Odia Muslims account for 2.2% as per census figures of 2001. The airport at Jharsuguda was upgraded to a full-fledged domestic airport in May 2018. Famous Hindu Odia scripture includes the 16th-century Bhagabata of Jagannatha Dasa. Agriculture Agriculture dominates the state's economy. Sarala Temple, regarded as one of the most spiritually elevated expressions of Shaktism is in Jagatsinghpur district. The announcement also marked with sanction of Rs 508.02 billion over the five years for development.[95]. Odisha is one of the largest producers of rice in India. Transfer of knowledge programmes are carried out through Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), University Extension Block Programme (UEBP), Information and Communication wing, Distance Education, Video Project, Agricultural Technology Information Centre (ATIC), Kissan Call Centre (KCC) and Odisha Gender Resources Centre (OGRC). Odisha ranks 23rd among Indian states in human development index. [100] Plans for metro rail connecting Bhubaneshwar and Cuttack, a journey of 30 km, have also started.[101]. So, keep visiting for current & upcoming OUAT jobs notifications. 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here's what it means", "MTN 82:9–10 Olive ridley tagged in Odisha recovered in the coastal waters of eastern Sri Lanka", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Odisha&oldid=996909920, States and territories established in 1936, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National Institute of Social Work and Social Science, Bhubaneswar (NISWASS), This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 04:07.